SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY

 

 

SSC3473
SEMESTER II 2009/10

Lecturer: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hadi Nur

Monday : 09.00-09.50 (C17 107)

Tuesday : 14.00-14.50 (C18 317)
Friday : 16.00-16.50 (C13 209)


[Click here to download the course outline]

Synopsis

  • What is solid state chemistry? An introduction to simple crystals structures: Close packing, Body-centred and primitive structures, Symmetry, Lattices and unit cells, Crystalline solids, Lattice energy. X-ray Diffraction: Generation of X-rays, Diffraction of X-rays, Powder diffraction, Solving single crystal structures. Preparative methods: Ceramic methods, Microwave synthesis, The sol-gel methods, Precursor method, Hydrothermal methods, Chemical vapour deposition. Bonding in solids and electronic properties: Bonding in solids – band model, Electronic conductivity – simple metals, Semiconductors – silicon and germanium, Doped semiconductors,   Bands in compounds. Defects and non-stoichiometry: Defects and their concentration, Ionic conductivity in solids, Solid electrolytes, Non-stoichiometric compounds, Electronic properties of non-stochiometric oxides. Characterization of Inorganic Solids: Application of Physical Techniques. Optical properties of solids. Magnetic and dielectric properties of materials. Phase diagram and its interpretation. Relationship between structure, physicochemical and mechanical properties of materials. Zeolites and related structures.

 

 

Learning outcomes

  • Describe the fundamental principles and concepts in the field solid state chemistry.
  • Demonstrate the ability to carry out calculations involved in solving single crystal structure and phase composition in phase diagram.
  • Recognize the physicochemical and mechanical properties based on structure of the materials
  • Apply the fundamental principles of structure of materials to explain the physicochemical and mechanical properties of materials.

Suggested references

  • Solid State Chemistry An introduction, Lesley Smart and Elaine Moore, 1995, Chapman & Hall.
  • Solid State Chemistry and It’s Applications, Anthony R. West, 1984, John Wiley & Sons
  • Introduction to ceramics, W. D. Kingery, H. K. Bowen, D. R. Uhlmann. 1976, John Wiley & Sons.

 

 

 

Lecture schedule

  • Lecture notes (in pdf format) can be downloaded in contents area (the password will be given in class room). Please don't anticipate that these notes will be posted before class. Keep in mind that it is your responsibility to take notes in class.

 

 

 

Week

Content

Remarks

1

What is solid state chemistry? [1,687 KB]

Lattice classification [274 KB]

Crystal geometry [1,179 KB]

Miller indices [148 KB]

     

2

X-ray Diffraction [1,574 KB]

    - Generation of X-rays

    - Diffraction of X-rays

    - Powder diffraction

    - Solving single crystal structures

Assignment 1

3

Preparative methods.

    - Ceramic methods.

    - Microwave sysnthesis

    - The sol-gel methods

    - Precursor method

    - Hydrothermal methods

    - Chemical vapour deposition

 

4

Bonding in solids and electronic properties

    - Bonding in solids – band model

    - Electronic conductivity – simple metals

    - Semiconductors – silicon and germanium

    - Doped semiconductors

    - Bands in compounds

 

5

Defects and non-stoichiometry

    - Defects and their concentration

    - Ionic conductivity in solids

    - Solid electrolytes.

    - Non-stoichiometric compounds

    - Electronic properties of non-stochiometric oxides

 

 

6

Characterization of Inorganic Solids: Application of Physical Techniques

Test 1

7

Mid Semester Break

 

8

Characterization of Inorganic Solids: Application of Physical Techniques – part 2

 

9

Zeolites and related structures

    -  Chemical composition of zeolitic materials

    -  The physicochemical and catalytic properties of zeolitic materials

 

10

Magnetic and dielectric properties of materials

 

11

Phase diagram and its interpretation – part 1

 

12

Phase diagram and its interpretation – part 2

 

13

Relationship between structure, physicochemical and mechanical properties of materials – part 1

Test 2

14

Relationship between structure, physicochemical and mechanical properties of materials – part 1

 

15

Structure and properties of nanomaterials

 

16

Zeolites and related structures

 

17-18

Final Exam

 

 

 

 

Attendance

  • Students have to abide the rules and regulations stated in the "Buku Panduan Pelajar" UTM.
  • Students have to sign in the attendance at every lecture. Attendance is compulsory. you are barred to sit for the final exam if the total attendance is less than 80% or 3X consecutively absence without any valid reasons.
  • Students who are unable to attend the lecture due sickness have to show medical certificate (MC) from UTM doctors or any letter from the authorize personal from faculty or the lecturer.
  • Lecturer has the right to barred the students from attending the lecture if found behaving indecently.

 

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